The magnetron sputtering system, is a new development in vacuum deposition technology. Variations include high-power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS) and high-powered pulsed magnetron sputtering (HPPMS) methods. These machines offer a precise way to evenly coat sensitive medical equipment and optics, as well as semiconductors and emerging technology. All sputtering systems utilize an air tight vacuum to eliminate contaminants that could alter the quality of the coating.
While vacuum metallizing methods have been around for years, magnetron sputtering was only patented recently in 2001, and becoming widely available only seven years ago in 2006. The first magnetron sputtering patent was developed by Kouzentsov, and it is now considered one of the most effective ways to coat material.
Magnetron sputtering allows for a higher amount of ionization of the metal that is supposed to coat the target material. Higher rates of gas dissociation allow for a stronger coating when the vapors have finally cooled. Increasing the cathode power creates a higher level of ionization with other sputtering methods. Magnetron sputtering, however, can accommodate a higher thermal load, making it one of the most versatile systems on the market. Most operators utilize a technique that involves shorter duty cycles for projects that need a higher ionization power.
By using magnetic fields to confine the process, operators can increase the energy of particles used in the procedure at much higher rates than traditional sputtering methods. This creates a denser coating morphology and far more durable coating results. However, every sputtering deposition system provides an astounding quality available to a variety of industries.
By Phin Upham
It’s common knowledge that some people are better at dealing with social rejection than others, but the question is why? A new study suggests that it has to do with the amount of natural pain killers produced by the brain at the time of rejection, Science Daily reports.
According to the article, research conducted by a team from the University of Michigan Medical School reveals that the brain produces chemicals called opioids when it experiences social rejection. Opioids are like natural painkillers. But the reason some people get hurt more than others has to do with resilience. Participants who scored high on a personality trait test for resilience produced more opioids in the brain than other participants.
Researchers have known for decades that opioids get released in the brain when a person feels physical pain. According to lead author of the paper David T. Hsu, Ph.D., the new study reveals that the brain pathways that are used when someone experiences physical pain and social pain are similar.
Read entire article: http://www.sciencedaily.com
About the Author: Phin Upham is an investor at a family office/ hedgefund, where he focuses on special situation illiquid investing. Before this position, Phin Upham was working at Morgan Stanley in the Media & Technology group. You may contact Phin on his Phin Upham website or Facebook page.
A novice trying to find the components their boat needs could become overwhelmed by the many Suzuki marine parts available for purchase. Of all the parts a boat runs on, perhaps none is as important as its marine exhaust. Read on to learn why.
When the gases inside an engine are manipulated by the machine, they create a readily recognizable byproduct called exhaust. The marine exhaust system works to transfer this exhaust away from the boat, where it could prove potentially hazardous to the riders or become very dangerous by mixing with the chemical reactions going on within the engine. Generally marine exhaust systems will utilize one or more of the following: cylinder head and exhaust manifold; a turbocharger that multiplies engine capabilities a catalytic converter that decreases the dangers of exhaust released; a muffler that quiets the engine’s sound.
There are endless ways to customize your boat engine’s exhaust system. Some prefer to actually augment it in a way that makes it louder, much like a motorcycle’s engine. You can also take certain measures to try to reduce the pollution like, for example, upgrading the catalytic converter. Larger stacks can also be purchased and added on to further the distance between the smoke released and anything it could risk reacting with.
As boats need engines and those engines need to be kept save, one could argue that marine exhaust systems are the most important part of a boat.
By Ted Dhanik
A business can spend a great deal of money creating and developing a website. However, unless this website can be brought to the public’s consciousness, then the time and money used in developing the website would be completely wasted. The online company wouldn’t attract it
‘s intended customers and it would
However, in just about as much time as it took to develop online business and websites, certain advertising companies got hard at work developing new ways to attract traffic to those very websites. The term is “buying traffic,” and it has become a very popular means of creating business for online companies. These advertising agencies have techniques in which they can guarantee an amount of potential business. And they know how to do it well.
In discovering the amount of potential customers a business wishes to bring to their website, advertising companies can create a system to bring that amount of traffic to a company’s online doorstep. In a good portion of cases, this can be guaranteed down to the single digit. And it can be the starting advantage a company needs to get off of the ground.
The truth is, a company may possess the best product in the world at the most reasonable price. However, unless the public is made aware of what is available, it will sit on the shelf and do nothing but gather dust. Fortunately, buying traffic is available. And it can be a great starting point to success.
This information has been delivered for your benefit by Ted Dhanik. For all of your advertising solutions for a beginning business, Ted Dhanik has what you need. Be sure to visit Ted Dhanik at his website.
Winterization is preparing your Mercury outboard parts for the damage that could happen during freezing weather if you do not take specific precautions. If you have any water inside your engine or gear case by the time the water starts to freeze, the sensitive components and casing will start to crack.
In order to prevent repair costs in the thousands of dollars, you will need to properly prepare your boat engine at the end of boating season. Corrosion inhibitors to prevent rust while you are not using your vessel are also important for winterization. Use them both internally and externally in your boat engine.
To begin winterization, you’ll need your boat’s owner’s manual, your engine’s usual lubricants, and an aerosol can of fogging oil. Gasoline engines will require a fuel stabilizer, and diesel engines will need a fuel biocide.
Outboards will need a freshwater flush. You can do this by running the outboard in a tank filled with clean water. To empty your fuel lines and carburetors, disconnect the fuel line while the engine is still running. When your engine dies, this means there is no more fuel inside. Not doing this causes clogging in your lines, jets and injectors.
Next, spray fogging oil into the carburetors. This will prevent corrosion inside the carburetor and cylinders. Remove the motor from the flush tank, open drain plugs, and let all the water drain from the powerhead. Coat the powerhead with anticorrosion spray. No water must remain inside you expect the water to freeze during winter. After removing the spark plugs, you need to spray fogging oil inside to coat the cylinders. You will be able to spread oil on the cylinder walls if you turn the fly wheel. Don’t forget to reinstall the plugs once you finish.
All linkages and electric starter drives need to be lubricated and cleaned. There should be no visible oil or grease. After this, drain and refill the gearcase. Your owner’s manual will tell you exactly what kind of lubricant your engine needs. Do not use any other type of lubricant because this can interfere with your outboard’s functions. The oil tank should be filled so there is no condensation that can freeze inside your tank.
All chipped paint should be touched up, otherwise you will find that the metals will be subjected to oxidization. You will need to drain your entire fuel tank so there is no old gasoline inside. Run your boat until it comes close to empty and then drain the rest. If for some reason you can’t empty your entire tank, be sure to fill it to 95%. This is the next best thing. It prevents any space for water to condense and mix with your tank that is half full. Use gasoline stabilizer and clean/lubricate the propeller shaft. Store your engine upright.
Following these instructions will prevent damage during the winter time to your Suzuki marine parts.
Historian John Gillis proposes in his new book The Human Shore: Seacoasts in History that people who live along America’s coastlines have reasons to be wary. As profiled in The Chronicle of Higher Education, the environmental historian’s book cautions that weather events such as Superstorm Sandy are part of the past history of the country’s coastlines and will happen in greater frequency and with more impact on lives and property in the future.
Gillis traces the history of human interaction with coastlines back to primitive humans and charts the changing relationship through today. Gillis cautions that the modern pattern of wealthy people moving to coastal regions has made people cavalier to the fact that the coastlines are always changing because of storms and the continual erosion of the ocean.
To read the article visit: http://chronicle.com/article/The-Coastal-Consciousness-of/140551/
A potential customer is perusing a website. And they are deeply involved in the content. The article or story is about to reach a pivotal moment. They hold their breath for the conclusion. And a pop up add comes to the surface and spoils their view. Most people have had this scenario happen to them. While it may be true that at times people have been intrigued by what they see in the pop up, more often than not, folks just become irritated and remind themselves that a website needs advertising to get by.
While a graphic-filled and dynamic pop up window can be a distraction, advertising doesn’t always need to be in an individual’s face to get a point across. Subtlety works as well, especially if the subtle nature is in accordance with a website’s context. A website dedicated to the poetry of Walt Whitman would be ruined by the presence of a feedback-filled pop up for an energy drink.
With the above in mind, sometimes quiet is best. A simple banner ad can do the trick, especially when the content of a website almost points to the very thing being promoted. Take the Walt Whitman scenario again. Advertising could actually enhance the experience of the website by leading a customer to a book or publishing company. This does a service not only to the visitor but to the company being promoted. It could almost state that the company understands the needs and desires of the customer.
And all of that could be accomplished by a simple banner ad!
This content was provided by Ted Dhanik. When considering the use of your advertising dollars, consult with Ted Dhanik to find viable campaigns to suit your company’s needs. Visit Ted Dhanik at his website for further information.